Southwire’s Medium Voltage Switchgear and Substation Cable is a non-shielded, insulated, finely stranded cable that has no voltage rating. The cable has no UL listing and is not recognized by the National Electrical Code (NEC). The cable’s primarily use is for installation in medium voltage switchgear, motor controllers, and substations. In regard to use inside enclosures and equipment, even though this cable itself is not UL listed, a UL approval can be obtained on the complete assembly by having the system tested and approved.
The cable has a finely stranded conductor to allow for easier installation and tight bends inside enclosures. Because the cable has no metallic shield it is simple and easy to terminate. There is no semi-conductive insulation shield to remove and there is no metallic shield to terminate. Termination is as simple as removing the insulation to expose the conductor and attaching the lug. The lack of a complex termination and the fact that the cable’s conductor is finely stranded facilitates quick and easy use and installation inside enclosures and substations.
No Standard or Approvals
Although Southwire’s Medium Voltage Switchgear and Substation Cable has no industry approv-als, the cable does meet the requirements for insulation used on conductors (whether rigid or flexible) contained in clause 126.96.36.199 of ANSI/IEEE C37.20.2-1999 and clause 188.8.131.52 of ANSI/IEEE C37.20.3-2001), which defines the test requirements for insulation used on bus bars. In addition, the cable has passed the Basic Insulation Level (BIL) test that simulates a Lightning Strike with-stand of 150kV. This is the specified test voltage used for BIL testing of switchgear operating at 38kV. Passing these tests demonstrates the cables suitability to be used within medium voltage switchgear.
No Voltage Rating
The cable has no voltage rating because the voltage a conductor can safely hold is related to the cable’s insulation, air spacing and the dielectric strength of the insulator. The NEC offers no guidelines for cable spacing inside enclosures for insulated cables. They have published cable spacing data for indoor and outdoor bare cables in Table 490.24.
Insulated cables, like Southwire’s Medium Voltage Switchgear and Substation Cable are able to be spaced closer together than a non-insulated cable. Southwire has performed testing on this cable in controlled conditions and has determined spacing guidelines for installation inside medium voltage enclosures under ideal conditions. Under less than ideal conditions where water, dirt, dust, or other contaminates can find their way into the enclosure, cable tracking can occur and cause failure. It is vitally important that the inside of the enclosure be kept clean and free of contaminates.
The following table outlines Southwire’s guidelines for cable spacing inside switchgear and outdoor substation use: